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Oxidative stress-associated endothelial damage is the initiation factor of cardiovascular disease, and protein posttranslational modifications play critical roles in this process. Bcl-2-associated athanogene 3 (BAG3) is a molecular chaperone regulator of the BAG family, which interacts with various proteins and influences cell survival by activating multiple pathways. BAG3 undergoes posttranslational modifications; however, research evaluating BAG3 acetylation and its regulatory mechanism is lacking. In addition, the interacting protein and regulatory mechanism of BAG3 in oxidative stress-associated endothelial damage remain unclear. Here, key molecular interactions and protein modifications of BAG3 were identified in oxidative stress-associated endothelial damage. Endothelial-specific BAG3 knockout in the mouse model starkly enhances oxidative stress-associated endothelial damage and vascular remodeling, while BAG3 overexpression in mice significantly relieves this process. Mechanistically, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1), causing oxidative stress, was identified as a novel physiological substrate of BAG3. Indeed, BAG3 binds to PARP1's BRCT domain to promote its ubiquitination (K249 residue) by enhancing the E3 ubiquitin ligase WWP2, which leads to proteasome-induced PARP1 degradation. Furthermore, we surprisingly found that BAG3 represents a new substrate of the acetyltransferase CREB-binding protein (CBP) and the deacetylase Sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) under physiological conditions. CBP/SIRT2 interacted with BAG3 and acetylated/deacetylated BAG3's K431 residue. Finally, deacetylated BAG3 promoted the ubiquitination of PARP1. This work reveals a novel regulatory system, with deacetylation-dependent regulation of BAG3 promoting PARP1 ubiquitination and degradation via enhancing WWP2, which is one possible mechanism to decrease vulnerability of oxidative stress in endothelial cells. Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Naijin Zhang, Ying Zhang, Wei Miao, Chuning Shi, Zihan Chen, Boquan Wu, Yuanming Zou, Qiushi Ma, Shilong You, Saien Lu, Xinyue Huang, Jingwei Liu, Jiaqi Xu, Liu Cao, Yingxian Sun. An unexpected role for BAG3 in regulating PARP1 ubiquitination in oxidative stress-related endothelial damage. Redox biology. 2022 Apr;50:102238

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PMID: 35066290

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