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    Coffee silverskin is a byproduct of the coffee roasting process contributing to organic waste burdens in urban areas. Silverskin is a potential source of dietary fiber, protein, carbohydrates, caffeine as well as vitamins and minerals. However, phytosterols present in the plant are susceptible to thermal oxidation resulting in the formation of phytosterol oxidation products (POPs) in the silverskin during roasting. In collaboration with a small roastery, the formation of POPs in three coffee varieties with roasting time was monitored by GC-MS. The objective was to evaluate the safety and potential benefits of incorporating coffee silverskin into value-added products. The qualitative profile of POPs in the silverskin from the three varieties was similar. Average total POPs were 0.32 g POPs/kg silverskin. POPs from the dominant plant sterol, sitosterol, were present at the highest concentrations. Caffeine, total antioxidant capacity, and total flavonoids were measured in the silverskin of the three coffees. Average values were 1.3 g caffeine/100 g silverskin, TEAC of 11 mmol Trolox/kg silverskin, and 1.94 to 8.60 mg catechin equivalent (CE)/g silverskin, respectively. An analysis of the impact of consuming teas and baked goods containing silverskin was also performed. Using published formulations, a tea or cookie containing silverskin would contribute approximately 1 and 0.3 mg POP per day, respectively. Consumption of these products would not substantially increase dietary exposure to POPs, while increasing fiber and antioxidants while reducing organic waste. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Coffee silverskin has been studied as a possible source of fiber, antioxidants, and caffeine when incorporated in snack foods and used to make teas. To assess possible concerns about increasing dietary oxidized phytosterols, the formation of phytosterol oxidation products (POPs) was investigated in the silverskin fraction during the roasting process in three coffee varieties. In addition, caffeine, antioxidant capacity, and total flavonoids were determined. We found that silverskin can be safely used for value-added products including caffeinated teas, cookies, and bars with minimal impact on dietary POP exposures. © 2022 Institute of Food Technologists®.


    Kimberlynn McDonald, Hans J Langenbahn, J David Miller, David R McMullin. Phytosterol oxidation products from coffee silverskin. Journal of food science. 2022 Feb;87(2):728-737

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    PMID: 35067916

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