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    During cell division, dramatic microtubular rearrangements driven by cyclin B-cdk1 (Cdk1) kinase activity mark the onset of mitosis leading to dismantling of the interphase microtubular cytoskeleton and assembly of the mitotic spindle. During interphase, Cdk1 accumulates in an inactive state, phosphorylated at inhibitory sites by Wee1/Myt1 kinases. At mitosis onset, Cdc25 phosphatase dephosphorylates and activates Cdk1. Once activated, Cdk1 clears cytoplasmic microtubules by inhibiting microtubule-stabilizing and growth-promoting microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). Nevertheless, some of these MAPs are required for spindle microtubule growth and spindle assembly, creating quite a conundrum. We show here that a Cdk1 fraction bound to spindle structures escapes Cdc25 action and remains inhibited by phosphorylation (i-Cdk1) in mitotic human cells. Loss or restoration of i-Cdk1 inhibits or promotes spindle assembly, respectively. Furthermore, polymerizing spindle microtubules foster i-Cdk1 aggregating with Wee1 and excluding Cdc25. Our data reveal that spindle assembly relies on compartmentalized control of Cdk1 activity. Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Angela Flavia Serpico, Francesco Febbraro, Caterina Pisauro, Domenico Grieco. Compartmentalized control of Cdk1 drives mitotic spindle assembly. Cell reports. 2022 Jan 25;38(4):110305

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    PMID: 35081344

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