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The nervous system is one of the most complex physiological systems, and central nervous system diseases (CNSDs) are serious diseases that affect human health. Ginseng (Panax L.), the root of Panax species, are famous Chinese herbs that have been used for various diseases in China, Japan, and Korea since ancient times, and remain a popular natural medicine used worldwide in modern times. Ginsenosides are the main active components of ginseng, and increasing evidence has demonstrated that ginsenosides can prevent CNSDs, including neurodegenerative diseases, memory and cognitive impairment, cerebral ischemia injury, depression, brain glioma, multiple sclerosis, which has been confirmed in numerous studies. Therefore, this review summarizes the potential pathways by which ginsenosides affect the pathogenesis of CNSDs mainly including antioxidant effects, anti-inflammatory effects, anti-apoptotic effects, and nerve protection, which provides novel ideas for the treatment of CNSDs. © 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Citation

Jing Lu, Xian Wang, Anxin Wu, Yi Cao, Xiaolin Dai, Youdan Liang, Xiaofang Li. Ginsenosides in central nervous system diseases: Pharmacological actions, mechanisms, and therapeutics. Phytotherapy research : PTR. 2022 Apr;36(4):1523-1544

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PMID: 35084783

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