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    The objective of this study was to determine effects of maternal nutrient restriction (NR) during early or mid-gestation on uterine composition and miRNA expression in cotyledons. Primiparous Angus-cross cows (n = 38) were synchronized and inseminated using male sexed semen, blocked by body condition score and body weight (BW), and assigned to treatments. Animals were fed either: control (CON; gain 1 kg/week) or NR (55% maintenance energy and crude protein requirements) based on BW. An initial set of animals were fed either NR (n = 8) or CON (n = 8) from day 30-110 of gestation. A second set of animals were fed CON (n = 8) d 30-190 (CON/CON); NR (n = 7) day 30-110 followed by CON day 110-190 (NR/CON); or CON (n = 7) day 30-110 followed by NR day 110-190 (CON/NR). Cows were harvested on day 110 or 190 of gestation to collect placental tissues. RNA was isolated from cotyledon samples (3 animals/group) prior to microarray analysis using known Bos taurus microRNA sequences. Relative microRNA abundance was analyzed via ANOVA. Maternal NR increased (P < 0.05) cotyledon weight and total placentome surface area irrespective of gestational day. At day 110 of gestation, 51 microRNAs were reduced while 91 microRNAs observed greater abundance (P < 0.05) in NR verses CON cotyledons. At day 190 of gestation, 40 microRNAs were reduced and 26 microRNAs were increased (P < 0.05) in both NR/CON and CON/NR verses CON cotyledons. Top KEGG pathway analysis included: axon guidance, endocytosis, neuroactive ligand receptor interaction, and MAPK signaling pathway. Early-gestation maternal NR altered microRNA abundance to a greater extent than mid-gestation NR. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    R K Taylor, K M McCarty, C T LeMaster, R E Ricks, S L Pratt, N M Long. Effects of nutrient restriction during early or mid-gestation in bovine on placental development and miRNA expression in the cotyledon. Animal reproduction science. 2022 Feb;237:106935

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    PMID: 35093729

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