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Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is the most frequently observed chronic non-immune hemolytic disorder caused by altered red cell membrane function. SPTB gene mutation is one of the most common causes of HS, but pathogenicity analyses and pathogenesis research on these mutations have not been widely conducted. In this study, a novel heterozygous mutation of the SPTB gene (c.1509_1518del; p.K503Nfs*67) was identified in a Chinese family with HS by whole-exome sequencing (WES) and was then confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Next, the pathogenicity and pathogenesis of this mutation were studied using peripheral blood. We found that this mutation disrupted the synthesis and localization of β-spectrin and weakened the interaction between β-spectrin and ankyrin, which may be caused by the nonsense-mediated mRNA degradation pathway. These changes lead to the transformation of discoid erythrocytes into spherocytes, resulting in hemolytic anemia. Therefore, we classified this novel mutation as a pathogenic mutation leading to loss-of-function of β-spectrin. It would be insightful to perform the same mutation test and to provide genetic counseling to other relatives of the proband. Our study increases the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms related to mutations in SPTB. © 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


Shan Li, Ping Guo, Leyuan Mi, Xiaojing Chai, Kewang Xi, Ting Liu, Li Lu, Juan Li. A novel SPTB mutation causes hereditary spherocytosis via loss-of-function of β-spectrin. Annals of hematology. 2022 Apr;101(4):731-738

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PMID: 35099593

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