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The poor-soil-tolerant wild soybean resist phosphorus deficiency by remodeling membrane lipids to reuse phosphorus. The plants synthesize phenolic acids and flavonoids to remove reactive oxygen species and protect membrane stability. Poor soil largely limits plant yields, and the development and utilization of high-quality wild plant resources is an effective approach to resolving this problem. Two ecotypes of wild soybean were used as experimental materials in this experiment. We integrated metabolomics and transcriptomics to determine whether wild soybean (Glycine soja) could resist phosphorus deficiency by remodeling and protecting its membrane system. Under phosphorus-deficient conditions, the plant height and aboveground fresh and dry weight of poor-soil-tolerant wild soybean seedlings were less inhibited than those in common wild soybean. In poor-soil-tolerant wild soybean seedling leaves, the glycerol-3-phosphate content decreased significantly, while caffeic acid, ferulic acid, shikimic acid, phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan increased significantly. β-Glucosidase and chalcone synthase genes and those that encode SQD2, a crucial enzyme in thiolipid biosynthesis, were specifically up-regulated, whereas the glucosyltransferase UGT74B1 gene was down-regulated. The poor-soil-tolerant wild soybean enhanced glycerolipid metabolism to decompose phospholipids and release phosphorus for reuse to improve resistance to phosphorus deficiency. The plants synthesized thiolipids to replace phospholipids and maintain membrane structure integrity and inhibited glucosinolate biosynthesis to promote phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, leading to the production of phenolic acids and flavonoids that removed reactive oxygen species and protected membrane system stability. The experiments evaluated and provided insight into the innovative utilization of wild soybean germplasm resources. © 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


Ningning Miao, Ji Zhou, Mingxia Li, Jiayi Zhang, Yunan Hu, Jixun Guo, Tao Zhang, Lianxuan Shi. Remodeling and protecting the membrane system to resist phosphorus deficiency in wild soybean (Glycine soja) seedling leaves. Planta. 2022 Jan 31;255(3):53

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PMID: 35099613

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