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    Silver ions (Ag+) directly emitted from industrial sources or released from manufactured Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) in biosolid-amended soils have raised concern about the risk to ecosystems. However, our knowledge of Ag+ toxicity, internalization, and transformation mechanisms to bacteria is still insufficient. Here, we combine the advanced technologies of hyperspectral imaging (HSI) and single-particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to visualize the potential formed AgNPs inside the bacteria and evaluate the contributions of biological and non-biological processes in the uptake and transformation of Ag+ by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. The results showed a dose-dependent toxicity of Ag+ to S. oneidensis MR-1 in the ferrihydrite bioreduction process, which was primarily induced by the actively internalized Ag. Moreover, both HSI and cross-section high-resolution transmission electron microscopy results confirmed that Ag inside the bacteria existed in the form of particulate. The Ag mass distribution in and around live and inactivated cells demonstrated that the uptake and transformation of Ag+ by S. oneidensis MR-1 were mainly via biological process. The bioaccumulation of Ag+ may be lethal to bacteria. A better understanding of the uptake and transformation of Ag+ in bacteria is central to predict and monitor the key factors that control Ag partitioning dynamics at the biointerface, which is critical to develop practical risk assessment and mitigation strategies.

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    Chenghao Ge, Danyu Huang, Dixiang Wang, Enze Zhang, Min Li, Fengxiao Zhu, Changyin Zhu, Ning Chen, Song Wu, Dongmei Zhou. Biotic Process Dominated the Uptake and Transformation of Ag+ by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. Environmental science & technology. 2022 Feb 15;56(4):2366-2377

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    PMID: 35107264

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