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Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are immature cells able to proliferate and contribute to endothelial repair, vascular homeostasis, neovascularization, and angiogenesis. It therefore seems likely that circulating EPCs have therapeutic potential in ischemic and vascular diseases. In this study we evaluated the efficiency of EPC mobilization and collection by large volume leukapheresis in subjects with hematological diseases, treated with plerixafor in association with G-CSF. Twenty-two patients with lymphoid malignancies underwent rHuG-CSF and plerixafor treatment followed by leukapheresis. Blood samples before and after treatment and apheresis liquid sample were taken and analyzed by flow cytometry in order to quantified EPC. The percentage of CD34+ cells and EPCs among circulating total nuclear cells (TNCs) increased significantly by approximately 2-fold and 3-fold, respectively, after plerixafor treatment. Consequently, the absolute number of CD34+ cells and EPCs were increased 4-fold after plerixafor treatment. The median PB concentration of EPCs before and after treatment were 0.77/μL (0.31-2.15) and 3.41/μL (1.78-4.54), respectively, P < .0001. The total EPCs collected per patient were 3.3×107 (0.8×107 -6.8×107 ). We have shown that plerixafor in combination with G-CSF allows the mobilization and collection of large amounts of EPCs along with CD34+ cells in lymphoid neoplasm patients. The possibility to collect and to store these cells could represent a promising therapeutic tool for the treatment of ischemic complications without the need of in vitro expansion. © 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


Susana Perdomo, Andreina Brugnini, Natalia Trias, Alba Menyou, Gonzalo Silveira, Sabrina Ranero, Daniela Lens, Lilián Díaz, Sofía Grille. Mobilized and apheresis-collected endothelial progenitor cells with plerixafor. Journal of clinical apheresis. 2022 Jun;37(3):245-252

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PMID: 35114004

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