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Sialic acid-protein interactions are involved in regulating central nervous system immunity; therefore, derangements in sialylation could be involved in neurodegeneration. We evaluate the differences in serum transferrin sialylation in prodromal and early-stage Parkinson's disease (PD), its relation to substantia nigra degeneration, and the risk of phenoconversion to manifest disease. Sixty treatment-naive PD patients; 72 polysomnography-confirmed isolated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) patients, that is, patients with prodromal synucleinopathy; and 46 healthy volunteers aged ≥45 years and drinking ≤60 standard drinks per month were included. The proportion of serum low-sialylated, carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) isoforms was assessed using high-performance liquid chromatography, and the values were adjusted for alcohol intake (CDTadj ). Dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography (DaT-SPECT) imaging was performed. In iRBD, phenoconversion risk of DaT-SPECT and CDTadj was evaluated using Cox regression adjusted for age and sex. Median CDTadj was lower in PD (1.1 [interquartile range: 1.0-1.3]%) compared to controls (1.2 [1.1-1.6]%) (P = 0.001). In iRBD, median CDTadj was lower in subjects with abnormal (1.1 [0.9-1.3]%) than normal (1.3 [1.2-1.6]%) DaT-SPECT (P = 0.005). After a median 44-month follow-up, 20% of iRBD patients progressed to a manifest disease. Although iRBD converters and nonconverters did not significantly differ in CDTadj levels (P = 0.189), low CDTadj increased the risk of phenoconversion with hazard ratio 3.2 (P = 0.045) but did not refine the phenoconversion risk associated with abnormal DaT-SPECT yielding hazard ratio 15.8 (P < 0.001). Decreased serum CDTadj is associated with substantia nigra degeneration in synucleinopathies. iRBD patients with low CDTadj are more likely to phenoconvert to manifest disease. © 2022 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson Movement Disorder Society. © 2022 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson Movement Disorder Society.

Citation

Ranjani Ganapathy S, Kateřina Levová, Lenka Kotačková, Jiří Trnka, David Zogala, Jan Rusz, Tomáš Zima, David Devos, Karel Šonka, Evžen Růžička, Marta Kalousová, Petr Dušek. Increased Transferrin Sialylation Predicts Phenoconversion in Isolated REM Sleep Behavior Disorder. Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society. 2022 May;37(5):983-992

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PMID: 35128728

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