Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

The efficiency of plant regeneration from explants is influenced by phytohormones and environmental conditions. Light has a particularly marked effect on in vitro shoot regeneration, and some light signaling factors are involved in shoot regeneration, while the underlying molecular mechanism remains elusive. Here, ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL5 (HY5), as the key transcription factor of light signaling, was found to inhibit shoot regeneration under a range of light conditions. The heightened shoot regeneration capacity of the hy5-215 mutant was less marked in the dark than in the light, showing that HY5-mediated inhibition of shoot regeneration is partly light dependent. The co-localization of WUSCHEL (WUS) and CLAVATA3 (CLV3) expressions was found to coincide with the initiation of stem cell niches in root explants during shoot regeneration. HY5 could directly repress CLV3 and WUS expression by binding to their respective promoters. In parallel, HY5 indirectly repressed CLV3 and WUS by binding to the ARABIDOPSIS RESPONSE REGULATOR12 (ARR12) promoter. The resulting dual regulation exerted by HY5 on WUS and CLV3 impeded the initiation of shoot stem cell niches. A HY5-mediated inhibitory pathway was identified that links cytokinin signaling and the pluripotency pathway during shoot regeneration. © 2022 Society for Experimental Biology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Xuehuan Dai, Jing Wang, Lili Wang, Zhenhua Liu, Qiang Li, Yunfei Cai, Shuo Li, Fengning Xiang. HY5 inhibits in vitro shoot stem cell niches initiation via directly repressing pluripotency and cytokinin pathways. The Plant journal : for cell and molecular biology. 2022 May;110(3):781-801

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 35132706

View Full Text