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To bolster freshwater supply, artificial groundwater recharge with recycled water has increasingly attracted research attentions and interests. However, artificial groundwater recharge has potential risks to groundwater quality, as recharge water disinfection is frequently used for pathogen inactivation and causes the concerns of disinfection by-products (DBPs). Colloid supplement is a good approach solving this problem, but its roles in mitigating DBPs remains unclear. In this study, we collected 20 groundwater and soil samples from a field-scale groundwater recharge project, and explored the impacts of silica colloids on chloroform migration and groundwater bacterial communities during the recharge process. Water physicochemical variables changed along the recharge time, and colloid supplement significantly reduced chloroform formation and slowed its migration in groundwater. Bacterial communities in groundwater, river water and recharge water were significantly different. Gammaproteobacteria in recharge water (71.7%) was more abundant than in river water (30.5%) and groundwater (33.5%), while Actinobacteria dominated groundwater (40.6%). After recharge, Gammaproteobacteria increased more with colloid supplement (75.7%) than without (52.6%), attributing to its dominance in soils (74.6%). Our results suggested more bacterial lineages released from soils into aquifer by silica colloid supplement, owing to the competitive adsorption encouraging microbial transfer, especially Gram-negative bacteria. Our findings unraveled the effects of colloid supplement on chloroform formation and migration during artificial groundwater recharge, which consequently altered groundwater bacterial communities, and offered valuable suggestions for the safety management of DBPs in aquifer recharge. Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

Citation

Juanfen Chai, Wenjing Zhang, Dan Liu, Shuxin Li, Xuequn Chen, Yuesuo Yang, Dayi Zhang. Decreased levels and ecological risks of disinfection by-product chloroform in a field-scale artificial groundwater recharge project by colloid supplement. Environment international. 2022 Mar;161:107130

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PMID: 35134712

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