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Background: Collagenase clostridium histolyticum has become a widely used treatment in the management of Dupuytren disease. The aims of this study are to assess the immediate success of treatment of Dupuytren contracture with collagenase injection, to measure long-term patient-rated outcomes, to determine whether the risk factors for the disease impacted outcomes and to report complications of collagenase treatment. Methods: A prospective study was performed in a tertiary referral centre. Measurements were recorded pre-treatment, day 1 and day 90. Patient-rated outcome scores were measured using Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (DASH) and the Michigan Hand Questionnaire (MHQ) at minimum 36 months post-injection. Results: The study included 45 patients with 53 hands with a mean age of 65.7 years. The treatment was successful in 62% of patients with the greatest improvement in the metacarpal-phalangeal joint of the little finger. Diabetes, epilepsy, gender, alcohol intake and positive family history had no statistically significant predictive value on successful outcomes. Patient satisfaction at 41 months was high with mean MHQ score of 97.3. Conclusions: Collagenase is effective in the treatment of Dupuytren contracture, with disease involving the little finger showing the greatest benefit. Risk factors for development of Dupuytren disease had no effect on successful outcome and long-term satisfaction rates are high. Level of Evidence: Level III (Therapeutic).


Kevin Clesham, Gerard A Sheridan, Evelyn P Murphy, Sharon P O' Connor, Michael E O' Sullivan. Collagenase and the Treatment of Dupuytren Contracture: Efficacy of Treatment and Patient Satisfaction. The journal of hand surgery Asian-Pacific volume. 2022 Feb;27(1):141-147

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PMID: 35135420

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