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    The MHC-peptide interaction has a subtle influence on host resistance to virus. This paper aims to study the relationship between MHC-peptide interaction and MHC-related virus-resistance. By 3D homology modeling, the structure of chicken BF2 molecule BF2*0201 (PDB code: 4d0d) was studied and compared with the known structures of BF2 molecule BF2*0401 (PDB code: 4e0r) to elucidate the characteristics of BF2*0201-binding antigenic peptides. The results show that due to the amino acid difference between the two binding groove of 4e0r and 4d0d, the size of the binding groove of the two are 1130 ų and1380 ų respectively, indicating the amino acid species that 4e0r binding peptide has lower selectivity than 4d0d; and because of large side chain conformation of Arg (especially Arg111) of 4e0r replaced by small side chain Tyr111 of 4d0d, the volume of central part of the binding groove of 4d0d is obviously larger than that of 4e0r, indicating that the restrictive of binding antigenic peptides for 4d0d is narrower than that of 4e0r; and on account of the chargeability of the binding groove of the two are different, namely the binding groove chargeability of 4e0r (strong positive polarity) and 4d0d (weak negative polarity). There are generally more peptides presented by the BF2 of B2 haplotype than by that of B4 haplotype, leading to more resistance of B2 than that of B4 to virus. © 2022 The Authors. Immunity, Inflammation and Disease published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

    Citation

    Yuan-Chang Jin, Yu-Feng Li, Li-Xia Jiang, Wei Wang, Chuan-Dan Zheng, Ming-Li Chen, Yu-Jie Wu, Juan Dai, Jing-Fen Chen, Min-Min Yu, Gang Zeng, Mei-Lin Hao, Bo-Ping Zeng. The relationship between MHC-peptide interaction and resistance to virus in chickens. Immunity, inflammation and disease. 2022 Mar;10(3):e596

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    PMID: 35146947

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