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    Phytohormones plays crucial physiological functions in plants, where they are involved in plant development, reproduction, defense, and many other functions. Phytohormones production has been found to be regulated in response to abiotic and biotic factors affecting the plant metabolism, and therefore, biosynthesis of primary and secondary metabolites. Thus, the detection and quantification of phytohormones in different plant tissues are essential to be determined unraveling the various plant metabolic pathways and behavior. Yet phytohormones analysis is always problematic, since they are found in extremely low concentrations and have a wide range of chemical and physicochemical properties. As a result, the ideal method should start with an appropriate extraction procedure followed by quantification by highly sensitive instrumental techniques providing precise and robust results. The current chapter presents an improved extraction method based on liquid-liquid extraction from a 50-mg aliquot of plant tissue for analysis of the major classes of phytohormones. Then, mass spectrometry (MS) analysis is conducted using quadrupole/linear ion trap (QLIT) mass analyzer equipped with electrospray ionization (ESI) source after a liquid chromatographic separation step. The developed method demonstrates an appropriate feasibility addressing biological questions related to phytohormones production and regulation. © 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


    Mohamed A Salem, Ahmed Zayed. Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry-Based Profiling of Plant Hormones. Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022;2462:125-133

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    PMID: 35152385

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