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    External Beam Radiotherapy is the treatment of choice of locally advanced carcinoma cervix (LACC). The two techniques, three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), have been compared previously in terms of outcomes and toxicities. IMRT has still not shown any benefit over 3DCRT in terms of local control and survival. Hence, the present study was conducted to compare local control and toxicities among both techniques. Fifty-four patients of LACC (FIGO IB2-IVA) were randomized to receive 50 Gray in 25 fractions by either 3DCRT or IMRT with concurrent cisplatin-based chemotherapy followed by brachytherapy. Plans were compared for planning target volume (PTV) coverage, dose to organs at risk (OAR), homogeneity index (HI), and conformity index (CI). Patients were assessed for acute toxicity and local control for three months. Out of 54 patients, 27 received treatment by 3DCRT and 27 by IMRT technique. Dosimetric evaluation for PTV coverage was similar in both arms. D15, D35, and D50 (dose to 15%, 35%, and 50% volume, respectively) for bladder were significantly reduced in the IMRT arm. Dosimetry for rectum and bowel bag was similar in both. There was a significantly decreased dose to femoral heads in the IMRT arm. Patients in the 3DCRT arm had significant grade 1 and 2 anemia and neutropenia compared to the IMRT arm. Local control for three months was similar in both the arms. IMRT is associated with decreased acute hematological toxicity compared to 3DCRT with similar local control. Long-term follow-up is needed to assess any difference in long-term toxicity and survival between the two arms. Copyright © 2022, Sharma et al.


    Nidhi Sharma, Manoj Gupta, Deepa Joseph, Sweety Gupta, Rajesh Pasricha, Rachit Ahuja, Ajay S Krishnan, Aathira T S, Sagar Raut, Debanjan Sikdar. A Prospective Randomized Study of Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Versus Three-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy With Concurrent Chemotherapy in Locally Advanced Carcinoma Cervix. Cureus. 2022 Jan;14(1):e21000

    PMID: 35154974

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