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A surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor chip fabricated with a comb-shaped microelectrode array to supply alternating current (AC) voltage is reported. The chip induces circulating flow near the surface (i.e., AC electroosmosis). The circulating flow provides a mixing effect, which enhances the binding of the analyte molecules. We evaluated the SPR characteristics of the chip and demonstrated an improvement in protein binding to the chip surface. SPR sensor chips with comb-shaped microelectrodes were fabricated using standard UV lithography. Sensing experiments were conducted using a standard Kretschmann-type SPR measurement system. To demonstrate the mixing effect of AC electroosmosis, we evaluated the binding of immunoglobulin G molecules onto the sensor surface where anti-immunoglobulin G antibodies were covalently immobilized. The result indicates that the amount of binding increases by a factor of 1.7 above that achieved by using a conventional chip, suggesting enhancement of the protein signal.


Kyohei Terao, Shohei Kondo. AC-Electroosmosis-Assisted Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensing for Enhancing Protein Signals with a Simple Kretschmann Configuration. Sensors (Basel, Switzerland). 2022 Jan 23;22(3)

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PMID: 35161603

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