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    Serum retinol binding protein 4 levels play critical roles in the early diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring of diabetic kidney disease. In this paper, an liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry approach for the absolute quantification of serum RBP4 with high sensitivity and specificity was presented. Following series of procedures including denaturation, reduction, alkylation and trypsin digestion, the signature peptides of RBP4 were separated on the HPLC system by gradient elution. Quantitative analysis was achieved by a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer under multiple reaction monitoring in the positive ion (ESI+) mode. The calibration range was from 6.25 to 125 mg/L (R2 > 0.993), the lower limit of quantification was 2.50 mg/L, and the lower limit of detection reached 0.0150 mg/L. In the study, the accuracy ranged from 94.6% to 107%, and the relative standard deviation of intra-assay and inter-assay imprecision was less than 5%. The method was demonstrated to realize sensitive and reliable absolute quantification of serum RBP4 conforming to guidelines for bioanalytical method validation. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Xue Tian, Sheng Yang, Qu Tang, Huoyan Ji, Lei Shen, Jianxin Wang. Isotope-dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for quantification of human retinol binding protein 4 in serum. Analytical biochemistry. 2022 May 15;645:114589

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    PMID: 35167820

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