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    Ophthalmic solutions and suspensions have long been classified into a high-risk category with respect to concerns over extractables and leachables (E&L), though specific guidance on the management of leachables in these products is generally absent from regulatory authorities or the scientific literature. As a result, ophthalmic drug products (ODPs) were originally included in the scope of the Product Quality Research Institute Leachables and Extractables Working Group for Parenteral and Ophthalmic Drug Products (PQRI-PODP). Relative to other high concern dosage forms such as metered-dose inhalers or injectables, ODPs possess unique challenges with respect to the nature of impactful E&L as well as the safety assessment of leachables. For example, extensive use of semipermeable low-density polyethylene primary packaging for ODPs necessitates a strong focus on E&L from secondary packaging sources. For safety assessment, a key challenge is the lack of a sufficient database developed on all relevant ophthalmic toxicity endpoints. As result, the working group is unable to recommend a safety concern threshold (SCT) for ODPs at this time. Nevertheless, the ophthalmic industry has developed a number of time-tested practices to manage E&L for ODPs. This article describes those science-based practices and key considerations in the analysis, management, and safety assessment of E&L in ODPs. © PDA, Inc. 2022.


    Christopher T Houston, Andrea Desantis Rodrigues, Brenda Birkestrand Smith, Tao Wang, Mary Richardson. Principles for Management of Extractables and Leachables in Ophthalmic Drug Products. PDA journal of pharmaceutical science and technology. 2022 May-Jun;76(3):278-294

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    PMID: 35169039

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