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8-Nitro-4H-benzo[e][1,3]thiazinones (BTZs) are potent in vitro antimycobacterial agents. New chemical transformations, viz. dearomatization and decarbonylation, of two BTZs and their influence on the compounds' antimycobacterial properties are described. Reactions of 8-nitro-2-(piperidin-1-yl)-6-(trifluoromethyl)-4H-benzo[e][1,3]thiazin-4-one and the clinical drug candidate BTZ043 with the Grignard reagent CH3 MgBr afford the corresponding dearomatized stable 4,5-dimethyl-5H- and 4,7-dimethyl-7H-benzo[e][1,3]thiazines. These methine compounds are structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography for the first time. Reduction of the BTZ carbonyl group, leading to the corresponding markedly non-planar 4H-benzo[e][1,3]thiazine systems, is achieved using the reducing agent (CH3 )2 S ⋅ BH3 . Double methylation with dearomatization and decarbonylation renders the two BTZs studied inactive against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium smegmatis, as proven by in vitro growth inhibition assays. © 2022 The Authors. ChemMedChem published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.


Adrian Richter, Rüdiger W Seidel, Jürgen Graf, Richard Goddard, Christoph Lehmann, Tom Schlegel, Nour Khater, Peter Imming. New Insight into Dearomatization and Decarbonylation of Antitubercular 4H-Benzo[e][1,3]thiazinones: Stable 5H- and 7H-Benzo[e][1,3]thiazines. ChemMedChem. 2022 Mar 18;17(6):e202200021

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PMID: 35170242

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