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    Myotonia congenita (MC) is a rare genetic disease caused by mutations in the skeletal muscle chloride channel gene (CLCN1), encoding the voltage-gated chloride channel ClC-1 in skeletal muscle. Our study reported the clinical and molecular characteristics of six patients with MC and systematically review the literature on Chinese people. We retrospectively analyzed demographics, clinical features, family history, creatine kinase (CK), electromyography (EMG), treatment, and genotype data of our patients and reviewed the clinical data and CLCN1 mutations in literature. The median ages at examination and onset were 26.5 years (range 11-50 years) and 6.5 years (range 1.5-11 years), respectively, in our patients, and 21 years (range 3.5-65 years, n = 45) and 9 years (range 0.5-26 years, n = 50), respectively, in literature. Similar to previous reports, myotonia involved limb, lids, masticatory, and trunk muscles to varying degrees. Warm-up phenomenon (5/6), percussion myotonia (3/5), and grip myotonia (6/6) were common. Menstruation triggered myotonia in females, not observed in Chinese patients before. The proportion of abnormal CK levels (4/5) was higher than data from literature. Electromyography performed in six patients revealed myotonic changes (100%). Five novel CLCN1 mutations, including a splicing mutation (c.853 + 4A>G), a deletion mutation (c.2010_2014del), and three missense mutations (c.2527C>T, c.1727C>T, c.2017 G > C), were identified. The c.892 G > A (p.A298T) mutation was the most frequent mutation in the Chinese population. Our study expanded the clinical and genetic spectrum of patients with MC in the China. The MC phenotype in Chinese people is not different from that found in the West, while the genotype is different.

    Citation

    Yifan Li, Mao Li, Zhenfu Wang, Fei Yang, Hongfen Wang, Xiujuan Bai, Bo Sun, Siyu Chen, Xusheng Huang. Clinical and molecular characteristics of myotonia congenita in China: Case series and a literature review. Channels (Austin, Tex.). 2022 Dec;16(1):35-46

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    PMID: 35170402

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