Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • birds (5)
  • penguins (2)
  • phases (1)
  • phosphate (1)
  • physic (1)
  • soil (7)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    The majority of ornithogenic soils studied in Antarctica focus on the influence of penguins, wherever little reports evaluated the influence of flying birds on soil genesis. This study aimed to characterize the morphologic, chemic, physic, mineralogic, and micromorphologic ornithogenic soil pockets influenced by flying birds in Snow Island, Maritime Antarctica. Fifteen soil pockets were selected, described, sampled and analyzed, these sites constitute the main areas with intense long-term terrestrial biological activity in Snow Island. In order to investigate the impact of phosphatization, we compared the soil pockets with the surrounding soils and soils affected by penguins. Zone of phosphatization have a high concentration of P, K, and Ca. The XRD patterns for the clay fraction of ornithogenic soils show that phosphate minerals are the main crystalline phases (leucophosphite, minyulite, fluorapatite, and apatite). We show that even under typical periglacial conditions, sites influenced by flying birds present active chemical weathering processes. The phosphatization release exchangeable bases and accelerate mineralogical and micromorphological transformations in soils. Under the current global warming trend and expected sea-level rise, the ornithogenic environments are susceptible to accelerated erosion rates and a great part of these hotspots may be lost for the open sea.


    Daví DO Vale Lopes, Fábio S DE Oliveira, José João L L DE Souza, Mariana DE Resende Machado, Carlos Ernesto G R Schaefer. Soil pockets phosphatization and chemical weathering of sites affected by flying birds of Maritime Antarctica. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias. 2022;94(suppl 1):e20210595

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 35170669

    View Full Text