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    Droplet-based microreactors often uncover fascinating phenomena and exhibit diverse functionality, which make them applicable in various fields. Liquid marbles (LMs) are non-wetting droplets coated with particles, and these features highlight their potential as microreactors. However, sophisticated experimental designs are typically hindered because it is difficult to obtain sufficient substance mixing in these miniature, damage-prone, self-supporting liquid containers. Here, we demonstrate that subjecting LMs to vertical oscillations by audio signals represents a controllable approach that allows sufficient mixing with variable dynamic modes. The characteristics and key issues in LM oscillation are systematically explored. The effects of oscillation on application potential are examined. Under oscillation conditions, homogeneous mixing can be achieved within a few seconds in LMs consisting of either water or viscous liquids. Importantly, the structures of materials synthesized in LMs can be regulated by modulating the oscillation modes. The variable modes, flexible adjustability, high efficiency, and wide applicability of this oscillation method make it a verified manipulation strategy for advancing the functionality of LM microreactors.


    Xianglong Pang, Mei Duan, Heng Liu, Yuhang Xi, Haixiao Shi, Xiaoguang Li. Oscillation-Induced Mixing Advances the Functionality of Liquid Marble Microreactors. ACS applied materials & interfaces. 2022 Mar 09;14(9):11999-12009

    PMID: 35171580

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