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    Testate amoebae are a polyphyletic assemblage of unicellular eukaryotes with a specific shell. They occur frequently in soil and freshwater habitats all over the world, important for ecosystem functioning and useful for bio-indication. Terrestrial amoeba data from Borneo or Malaysia are rarely available. In this study, data on species composition and relative abundance were presented along a transect from 1730 m up to 4000 m above sea level from 10 elevational levels on Mt. Kinabalu, Malaysian Borneo. In total 78 morphotypes of testate amoebae were recorded. Most were small (under 100 µm) and supposedly cosmopolitan. However, Certesella certesi with limited geographical distribution and some rare taxa (e.g., Padaungiella lageniformis cordiformis, Placocista jurassica, Trinema chardezi) and two undescribed morphospecies were also observed. Presence/absence and relative abundance data of testate amoebae were associated to elevation with a pronounced change at the tree line, as revealed by non-metric multidimensional scaling ordination analysis. Our data from Southeast Asia contribute to the actual discussion on distributional patterns considering elevation gradients and biogeography of eukaryotic microbes. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.


    Manfred Wanner, Yoichiro Sogame, Miki Shimizu. An elevation transect study of testate amoeba communities up to 4000 m a.s.l. on Mount Kinabalu, Borneo. European journal of protistology. 2022 Apr;83:125868

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    PMID: 35192976

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