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Objective:To evaluate the clinical significance of OncoDrug-Seq™ tumor gene detection in patients with head and neck malignancies. Methods:A retrospective analysis of 338 patients with locally advanced or unresectable head and neck malignancies admitted to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital from April 2011 to February 2021. Among them, 301 patients were pathologically diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma, 37 cases were non-squamous cell carcinoma. All patients underwent OncoDrug-Seq™ gene detection, combined with the test results and the treatment response after induction chemotherapy to evaluate whether to change the chemotherapy regimen, and to calculate the accuracy of the gene detection and the survival rate of the patient. Results:Among 301 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, the results of the drug sensitivity test were compared with the actual clinical response, the true positive rate(TP), true negative rate(TN), positive predictive value(PPV), negative predictive value(NPV) and total predictive accuracy rates were 85.37%, 65.45%, 91.70%, 50.00% and 81.73%, respectively. For patients who changed chemotherapy regimen(TN+FP) and did not change(TP+FN), the 5-year progression-free survival(PFS) was 63.45% and 80.58%(P<0.05), respectively, the 5-year overall survival(OS) was 54.18% and 84.74%(P<0.05). Among 37 patients with non-squamous cell carcinoma, the TP, TN, PPV, NPV and total predictive accuracy rates were 88.46%, 72.73%, 88.46%, 72.73%, and 83.78%, respectively. The 5-year PFS of the patients who changed(TN+FP) and did not change the treatment regimen(TP+FN) were 68.57% and 56.00%, and the 5-year OS was 69.26% and 48.72%, the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion:OncoDrug-Seq™ testing has certain significance in guiding clinicians to formulate personalized chemotherapy regimens. Timely replacement of the treatment plan can enable the patient to obtain a more ideal curative effect. Compared with patients with squamous cell carcinoma, patients with non-squamous cell carcinoma can obtain greater survival benefit from this testing. However, there are still some deviations in the accuracy of the test results compared with the actual clinical situation. Therefore, the decision should be made based on the test results in combination with the clinical reality. Copyright© by the Editorial Department of Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery.


Kun Liu, Xiang Gu, Nanxiang Chen, Wei You, Jian Wei, Lin Ma, Xinxin Zhang. Clinical significance of tumor chemosensitivity assay in patients with head and neck cancer]. Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery. 2022 Mar;36(3):205-211

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PMID: 35193343

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