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Genomic DNA is continuously challenged by endogenous and exogenous sources of damage. The resulting lesions may act as physical blocks to DNA replication, necessitating repair mechanisms to be intrinsically coupled to the DNA replisome machinery. DNA damage tolerance (DDT) is comprised of translesion synthesis (TLS) and template switch (TS) repair processes that allow the replisome to bypass of bulky DNA lesions and complete DNA replication. How the replisome orchestrates which DDT repair mechanism becomes active at replication blocks has remained enigmatic. In this issue of Genes & Development, Dolce and colleagues (pp. 167-179) report that parental histone deposition by replisome components Ctf4 and Dpb3/4 promotes TS while suppressing error-prone TLS. Deletion of Dpb3/4 restored resistance to DNA-damaging agents in ctf4Δ cells at the expense of synergistic increases in mutagenesis due to elevated TLS. These findings illustrate the importance of replisome-directed chromatin maintenance to genome integrity and the response to DNA-damaging anticancer therapeutics. © 2022 Zhang and Greenberg; Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.


Tianpeng Zhang, Roger A Greenberg. The inner workings of replisome-dependent control of DNA damage tolerance. Genes & development. 2022 Feb 01;36(3-4):103-105

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PMID: 35193944

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