Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA), the most common amino acid metabolism disorder, is caused by defects in enzymes involved in phenylalanine metabolism, with the consequent accumulation of phenylalanine and its secondary metabolites in body fluids and tissues. Clinical manifestations of HPA include mental retardation, and its early diagnosis with timely treatment can improve the prognosis of affected patients. Due to the genetic complexity and heterogeneity of HPA, high-throughput molecular technologies, such as next-generation sequencing (NGS), are becoming indispensable tools to fully characterize the etiology, helping clinicians to promptly identify the exact patients' genotype and determine the appropriate treatment. In this review, after a brief overview of the key enzymes involved in phenylalanine metabolism, we represent the wide spectrum of genes and their variants associated with HPA and discuss the utility of genomic testing for improved diagnosis and clinical management of HPA.


Elisabetta Anna Tendi, Maria Guarnaccia, Giovanna Morello, Sebastiano Cavallaro. The Utility of Genomic Testing for Hyperphenylalaninemia. Journal of clinical medicine. 2022 Feb 18;11(4)

PMID: 35207333

View Full Text