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    Sialic acid (SA) is present in glycoconjugates and important in cell-cell recognition, cell adhesion, and cell growth and as a receptor. Among the four mammalian sialidases, cytosolic NEU2 has a pivotal role in muscle and neuronal differentiation in vitro. However, its biological functions in vivo remain unclear due to its very low expression in humans. However, the presence of cytoplasmic glycoproteins, gangliosides, and lectins involved in cellular metabolism and glycan recognition has suggested the functional importance of cytosolic Neu2 sialidases. We generated a Neu2 knockout mouse model via CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome engineering and analyzed the offspring littermates at different ages to investigate the in vivo function of cytosolic Neu2 sialidase. Surprisingly, knocking out the Neu2 gene in vivo abrogated overall lipid metabolism, impairing motor function and leading to diabetes. Consistent with these results, Neu2 knockout led to alterations in sialylated glycoproteins involved in lipid metabolism and muscle function, as shown by glycoproteomics analysis. © 2022. The Author(s).


    Mijung Oh, Dae-In Ha, Chaeyeon Son, Jeong Gu Kang, Heeyoun Hwang, Su Bin Moon, Minjeong Kim, Jihae Nam, Jung Soo Kim, Sang Yong Song, Yong-Sam Kim, Sangwoo Park, Jong Shin Yoo, Jeong-Heon Ko, Kyoungsook Park. Defect in cytosolic Neu2 sialidase abrogates lipid metabolism and impairs muscle function in vivo. Scientific reports. 2022 Feb 25;12(1):3216

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    PMID: 35217678

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