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The HNF1αp291fsinsC truncation is the most common mutation associated with maturity-onset diabetes of the young 3 (MODY3). Although shown to impair HNF1α signaling, the mechanism by which HNF1αp291fsinsC causes MODY3 is not fully understood. Here we use MODY3 patient and CRISPR/Cas9-engineered human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) grown as 3D organoids to investigate how HNF1αp291fsinsC affects hiPSC differentiation during pancreatic development. HNF1αp291fsinsC hiPSCs shows reduced pancreatic progenitor and β cell differentiation. Mechanistically, HNF1αp291fsinsC interacts with HNF1β and inhibits its function, and disrupting this interaction partially rescues HNF1β-dependent transcription. HNF1β overexpression in the HNF1αp291fsinsC patient organoid line increases PDX1+ progenitors, while HNF1β overexpression in the HNF1αp291fsinsC patient iPSC line partially rescues β cell differentiation. Our study highlights the capability of pancreas progenitor-derived organoids to model disease in vitro. Additionally, it uncovers an HNF1β-mediated mechanism linked to HNF1α truncation that affects progenitor differentiation and could explain the clinical heterogeneity observed in MODY3 patients. Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Ana-Maria Cujba, Mario E Alvarez-Fallas, Sergio Pedraza-Arevalo, Anna Laddach, Maggie H Shepherd, Andrew T Hattersley, Fiona M Watt, Rocio Sancho. An HNF1α truncation associated with maturity-onset diabetes of the young impairs pancreatic progenitor differentiation by antagonizing HNF1β function. Cell reports. 2022 Mar 01;38(9):110425

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PMID: 35235779

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