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To compare accommodative and binocular vision performance between young diabetic subjects and normal controls, and to investigate the correlation of accommodative/binocular indices with the severity of diabetes. Thirty young subjects with diabetes mellitus (DM) and 30 age-matched normal controls were recruited in this hospital-based cross-sectional study. DM was diagnosed by a haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) higher than 6.5%. The status of vision-related symptoms was examined by the convergence insufficiency symptoms survey (CISS). All participants underwent a complete optometric examination including visual acuity measurement, objective and subjective refraction, accommodative and binocular vision assessments. All study participants were between 18 and 40 years of age. There were no statistically significant differences in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), sphere, cylinder and spherical equivalent refraction (SE) between the diabetes and control groups. The median near point of convergence (NPC) was significantly more remote in diabetics compared with the control group. Mean accommodative amplitude (AA) and vergence facility (VF) and the median monocular accommodative facility (AF) were significantly lower in diabetic subjects compared with normal controls. In addition, the median accommodative lag in the diabetic group was significantly higher than the control group. A significantly higher percentage of the diabetic group were symptomatic (26.6%), compared with the controls (6.6%). The NPC and accommodative lag showed a significant positive correlation with the HbA1c level, while VF, AA and AF exhibited a significant negative correlation with HbA1c. Aspects of accommodative and binocular vision performance are strongly affected by DM. There is also a significant correlation between accommodative and binocular disorders with the severity of DM. A significant percentage of young subjects with DM have severe vision-related symptoms. © 2022 The Authors Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics © 2022 The College of Optometrists.


Payam Nabovati, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Faezeh Fayaz, Sattar Rajabi, Amir Asharlous. Vision-related symptoms, accommodative and binocular vision performance in young diabetics vs. normal controls. Ophthalmic & physiological optics : the journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists). 2022 Jul;42(4):904-912

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PMID: 35238412

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