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    Messenger RNA vaccines have come into the spotlight as a promising and adaptive alternative to conventional vaccine approaches. The efficacy of mRNA vaccines relies on the ability of mRNA to reach the cytoplasm of cells, where it can be translated into proteins of interest, allowing it to trigger the immune response. However, unprotected mRNA is unstable and susceptible to degradation by exo- and endonucleases, and its negative charges are electrostatically repulsed by the anionic cell membranes. Therefore, mRNA needs a delivery system that protects the nucleic acid from degradation and allows it to enter into the cells. Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) represent a nonviral leading vector for mRNA delivery. Physicochemical parameters of LNPs, including their size and their charge, directly impact their in vivo behavior and, therefore, their cellular internalization. In this work, Taylor dispersion analysis (TDA) was used as a new methodology for the characterization of the size and polydispersity of LNPs, and capillary electrophoresis (CE) was used for the determination of LNP global charge. The results obtained were compared with those obtained by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and laser Doppler electrophoresis (LDE).


    Camille Malburet, Laurent Leclercq, Jean-François Cotte, Jérôme Thiebaud, Emilie Bazin, Marie Garinot, Hervé Cottet. Size and Charge Characterization of Lipid Nanoparticles for mRNA Vaccines. Analytical chemistry. 2022 Mar 22;94(11):4677-4685

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    PMID: 35254048

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