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    Escherichia coli, the most studied prokaryote, is an excellent host for producing valuable chemicals from renewable resources as it is easy to manipulate genetically. Since the periplasmic environment can be easily controlled externally, elucidating how the localization of specific proteins or small molecules in the periplasm affects metabolism may lead to bioproduction development using E. coli. We investigated metabolic changes and its mechanisms occurring when specific proteins are localized to the E. coli periplasm. We found that the periplasmic localization of β-glucosidase promoted the shikimate pathway involved in the synthesis of aromatic chemicals. The periplasmic localization of other proteins with an affinity for glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), such as inactivated mutants of Pgi, Zwf, and PhoA, similarly accelerated the shikimate pathway. Our results indicate that G6P is transported from the cytoplasm to the periplasm by the glucose transporter protein EIICBGlc, and then captured by β-glucosidase. Copyright © 2022 International Metabolic Engineering Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Ryosuke Fujiwara, Mariko Nakano, Yuuki Hirata, Chisako Otomo, Daisuke Nonaka, Sakiya Kawada, Hikaru Nakazawa, Mitsuo Umetsu, Tomokazu Shirai, Shuhei Noda, Tsutomu Tanaka, Akihiko Kondo. G6P-capturing molecules in the periplasm of Escherichia coli accelerate the shikimate pathway. Metabolic engineering. 2022 Jul;72:68-81

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    PMID: 35257866

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