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    Uterine adenomyosis is a common gynecologic disease in premenopausal women, the pathological mechanism of which remains largely unknown. The aim of this study was to identify metabolic biomarkers significantly altered in the myometrium of adenomyosis patients. The comprehensive metabolomic profiles of 17 myometrium specimens from adenomyosis patients and 25 control specimens were analyzed using untargeted approach by combination of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Metabolic data were filtered using orthogonal partial least square-discriminant analysis and univariate statistics. We firstly demonstrated that the myometrial metabolome of women with adenomyosis is distinct from that of women without adenomyosis. A total of 106 metabolites, mainly including nucleosides, lipids (including acylcarnitines), amino acids, organic acids and carbohydrates, were found to be differentially expressed in myometrium of uteri with adenomyosis compared to the control subjects. Functional inferences of these perturbed metabolites indicated that inflammation, oxidative stress, cell proliferation and apoptosis, and energy metabolism appeared to be involved in the progress of adenomyosis. This study firstly described the integrated metabolic signatures of the adenomyosis uterus, which provided novel insights for the pathogenesis study of this disease. © 2022. The Author(s).


    Wei Song, Zhibo Zhang, Ying Jiang, Yang Cao, Bo Zhang, Yujie Wang, Honghui Shi, Lan Zhu. Integrative metabolomic profiling reveals aberrations in myometrium associated with adenomyosis: a pilot study. Reproductive biology and endocrinology : RB&E. 2022 Mar 09;20(1):49

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    PMID: 35264202

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