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Tirabrutinib (TIRA), a potent and nonreversible oral Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is evaluated for treatment of certain hematological malignancies and inflammatory diseases. A drug-drug interaction study to evaluate the effect of TIRA on the pharmacokinetics of the oral contraceptive levonorgestrel (LEVO)/ethinyl estradiol (EE) was conducted in healthy female participants (N = 26). Participants received a single dose of LEVO (150 mcg)/EE (30 mcg) alone (reference), and on day 12 of a 15-day regimen of TIRA 160 mg once-daily (test). Intensive blood sampling for determination of LEVO, EE, and TIRA plasma concentrations was conducted, and safety was assessed throughout the study. Pharmacokinetic interactions were evaluated using 90% confidence intervals (CIs) of the geometric least squares mean (GLSM) ratios of the test versus reference treatments. The GLSM (90% CI) ratios of area under the concentration-time curve from zero to infinity (AUCinf ; LEVO: 0.95, 95% CI: 0.88-1.03, EE: 1.10, 95% CI: 1.05-1.16) and maximum plasma concentration (Cmax ; LEVO: 0.85, 95% CI: 0.74-0.98, EE: 1.07, 95% CI: 0.98-1.18) were within the prespecified 0.70 to 1.43 no effect bounds; and the AUC ratios met the stricter 0.80 to 1.25 equivalence bounds. Study treatments were generally well-tolerated. In conclusion, co-administration with TIRA did not alter the exposure of LEVO/EE, and accordingly LEVO/EE containing oral contraceptives can serve as a contraception method for participants on TIRA 160 mg (or lower) daily doses. © 2022 Gilead Sciences, Inc. Clinical and Translational Science published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.


Ganesh Cherala, Cara Nelson, Ying Guo, Anubhav Mathur, Thomas Tarnowski, Ahmed A Othman. Evaluation of the potential for pharmacokinetic interaction between tirabrutinib and levonorgestrel/ethinyl estradiol in healthy female volunteers. Clinical and translational science. 2022 Jun;15(6):1492-1499

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PMID: 35266297

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