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Human menin is a nuclear protein that participates in many cellular processes, as transcriptional regulation, DNA damage repair, cell signaling, cell division, proliferation, and migration, by interacting with many other proteins. Mutations of the gene encoding menin cause multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), a rare autosomal dominant disorder associated with tumors of the endocrine glands. In order to characterize the structural and functional effects at protein level of the hundreds of missense variations, we investigated by computational methods the wild-type menin and more than 200 variants, predicting the amino acid variations that change secondary structure, solvent accessibility, salt-bridge and H-bond interactions, protein thermostability, and altering the capability to bind known protein interactors. The structural analyses are freely accessible online by means of a web interface that integrates also a 3D visualization of the structure of the wild-type and variant proteins. The results of the study offer insight into the effects of the amino acid variations in view of a more complete understanding of their pathological role.


Carmen Biancaniello, Antonia D'Argenio, Deborah Giordano, Serena Dotolo, Bernardina Scafuri, Anna Marabotti, Antonio d'Acierno, Roberto Tagliaferri, Angelo Facchiano. Investigating the Effects of Amino Acid Variations in Human Menin. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland). 2022 Mar 07;27(5)

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PMID: 35268848

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