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The severity of the two-vehicle crash is closely related to the characteristics of both the struck and striking vehicles. Ignoring vehicle roles may lead to biased results. Thus, this study used mixed logit models to determine the factors that influence injury severity in the two-vehicle crash, taking into account the vehicle characteristics of the different crash roles. The data used is collected from Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) Open Data Portal. First, the synthetic minority oversampling technique and nearest neighbors (SMOTE-ENN) strategy was selected to address the class imbalance problem of crash data. Then, two separated mixed logit models were developed for four- and three-legged unsignalized intersections. The results suggest that the type and movement of vehicles have significant effects on crash severity. For example, right-turn vehicles being struck can lead to more serious crashes than striking other vehicles. Large trucks striking other vehicles are found to increase crash severity, but being struck is found to decrease crash severity. Additionally, several factors were also identified to affect crash severity in both models and effective countermeasures suggestions were proposed to mitigate crash severity.Supplemental data for this article is available online at at .

Citation

Renteng Yuan, Jing Gan, Zhipeng Peng, Qiaojun Xiang. Injury severity analysis of two-vehicle crashes at unsignalized intersections using mixed logit models. International journal of injury control and safety promotion. 2022 Mar 11:1-12


PMID: 35276053

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