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    Thermodynamic modeling has been used to predict chemical compositions of brines formed by the deliquescence of sea salt aerosols. Representative brines have been mixed, and physical and chemical properties have been measured over a range of temperatures. Brine properties are discussed in terms of atmospheric corrosion of austenitic stainless steel, using spent nuclear fuel dry storage canisters as an example. After initial loading with spent fuel, during dry storage, the canisters cool over time, leading to increased surface relative humidities and evolving brine chemistries and properties. These parameters affect corrosion kinetics and damage distributions, and may offer important constraints on the expected timing, rate, and long-term impacts of canister corrosion. Copyright © 2022 National Technology and Engineering Solutions of Sandia, The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    C R Bryan, A W Knight, R M Katona, A C Sanchez, E J Schindelholz, R F Schaller. Physical and chemical properties of sea salt deliquescent brines as a function of temperature and relative humidity. The Science of the total environment. 2022 Jun 10;824:154462

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    PMID: 35278544

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