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    The cohesin complex controls faithful chromosome segregation by pairing sister chromatids after DNA replication until mitosis. In addition, it is crucial for hierarchal three-dimensional organization of the genome, transcription regulation and maintaining DNA integrity. The core complex subunits SMC1A, SMC3, STAG1/2, and RAD21 as well as its modulators, have been found to be recurrently mutated in human cancers. The mechanisms by which cohesin mutations trigger cancer development and disease progression are still poorly understood. Since cohesin is involved in a range of chromosome-related processes, the outcome of cohesin mutations in cancer is complex. Herein, we discuss recent discoveries regarding cohesin that provide new insight into its role in tumorigenesis. © 2022. The Author(s).


    Maddalena Di Nardo, Maria M Pallotta, Antonio Musio. The multifaceted roles of cohesin in cancer. Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research : CR. 2022 Mar 14;41(1):96

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    PMID: 35287703

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