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Bacillus cereus is a common foodborne pathogen that causes vomiting and diarrheal symptoms. Due to its spore-forming ability, B. cereus can resist physical sterilization and possess a relatively high contamination level in dairy products; therefore, it is necessary to develop an efficient strategy to control the growth of B. cereus. In this study, a novel bacteriophage, named DLn1, was isolated and characterized, and its endolysin was expressed. Morphological and genomic analyses revealed that the phage is a new species belonging to the Northropvirinae subfamily of the Salasmaviridae family. The life cycle and stability assays showed that the phage DLn1 exhibited a short latent period (15 min) and high burst size (618 plaque-forming units (PFU)/cell) and was tolerant to a wide range of pH (4-10) and temperature (4-55 °C) conditions. This lytic phage had narrow but specific host range to B. cereus strains, and could effectively reduce the number of B. cereus in milk within 6 h. More interestingly, the purified endolysin of phage DLn1 had a much wider lytic range and the inhibitory effect against B. cereus in milk was more efficient. Taken together, the new phage DLn1 and its endolysin could be promising biocontrol agents against B. cereus in dairy products. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Na Li, Xiaoming Yuan, Chun Li, Nuo Chen, Juan Wang, Bo Chen, Shubo Yu, Pengfei Yu, Junhui Zhang, Haiyan Zeng, Shi Wu, Xiaojuan Yang, Meiyan Yang, Jumei Zhang, Qingping Wu, Yu Ding. A novel Bacillus cereus bacteriophage DLn1 and its endolysin as biocontrol agents against Bacillus cereus in milk. International journal of food microbiology. 2022 May 16;369:109615

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PMID: 35299049

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