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Bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) are emerging techniques that use biological production of current for versatile activities, including energy recovery and bioremediation. The development of high-performance three-dimensional (3D) electrodes has attracted attention for facilitating current production in BESs. Carbon-based electrodes have been commonly used in BESs, but metal electrodes are not generally employed because of their low biocompatibility with microbes. In this study, 3D stainless-steel electrodes, composed of octahedral lattice, were fabricated using the 3D printing technique. Heat treatment was conducted to form an iron-oxide layer on the electrode surface for increasing biocompatibility. Another crucial parameter that determines current production is the pitch length of a lattice electrode as it affects the surface area and substrate diffusion. The pitch length was optimized by testing the lattice electrodes with pitches ranging from 1.5 mm to 6.0 mm. The highest current, obtained with the 3.0 mm-pitch electrode, was 50% higher than that obtained with common 3D carbon-felt electrodes. These results demonstrate the usefulness of 3D lattice-structured metal electrodes in BESs.


Takahiro Yamashita, Yorihiro Yamashita, Masahiro Takano, Naoko Sato, Shizuka Nakano, Hiroshi Yokoyama. 3D Printed lattice-structured metal electrodes for enhanced current production in bioelectrochemical systems. Environmental technology. 2023 Sep;44(21):3229-3235

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PMID: 35302914

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