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Gibberellins are a class of typical phytohormones, which regulate plant growth and development. The contents of gibberellins dramatically affect the morphology and biomass of plant. The encoding protein of copalyl diphosphate synthase gene (CPS) catalyzes the first-step in the biosynthetic pathway of gibberellins. The mutation in this gene may significantly affect the contents of gibberellins in plants. In this study, we found an EMS-triggered mutant, ga1-168, showing short roots, short hypocotyls, late flowering and dwarf. Map-based cloning revealed that the causal gene of ga1-168 was AtCPS-168, an allele of AtCPS gene. The encoding protein of AtCPS-168 was AtCPS V326M which was resulted from a single-point mutation (guanine to adenine at nucleotide 2768) of AtCPS gene. Protein domain analysis showed that V326 was located in the Terpene_synth domain. The allelism test demonstrated that AtCPS-168 was an allele of AtCPS gene. The transgenic complementation of ga1-168 indicated that AtCPS V326M led to the dwarf and bushy phenotype of ga1-168. The endogenous gibberellins contents analysis suggested that the gibberellins contents of ga1-168 were much lower than that of wild-type. The exogenous GA3 application assay uncovered that application of GA3 can complement the dwarf and bushy phenotype of ga1-168 caused by low endogenous gibberellins contents. Therefore, this study suggested that it is an elegant way to create the ideal plant architecture and height by site-directed mutating the gibberellin biosynthetic genes.


San-Zeng Zhao, Dan-Yu Kong, Pei-Yong Xin, Jin-Fang Chu, Ying-Lang Wan, Hong-Qing Ling, Yi Liu. AtCPS V326M significantly affect the biosynthesis of gibberellins. Yi chuan = Hereditas. 2022 Mar 20;44(3):245-252

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PMID: 35307647

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