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The discharge of yttrium containing wastewater is a potential risk to human health. Although biosorption is a promising method to remove yttrium from wastewater, whereas the application of it is limited due to the lack of efficient biosorbents. In this study, the removal of yttrium from wastewater using Serratia marcescens as a biosorbent was conducted. The effects of six parameters including pH (2-5.5), initial yttrium concentration (10-110 mg/L), biosorbent dosage (0.1-0.5 g/L), biosorption time (10-700 min), stirring speed (50-300 rpm) and temperature (20-60 °C) were evaluated. The main parameters were optimized using response surface methodology. The results showed that the adsorption capacity reached 123.65 mg/g at the optimized conditions. The biosorption mechanism was revealed based on a combined analysis using field emission transmission electron microscope-energy dispersion spectrum, Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. These results revealed that the hydroxyl, carboxyl, and amino groups were the adsorption functional groups for yttrium ions. Biosorption of yttrium by S. marcescens is under the combination of ion exchange, electrostatic attraction and complexation. These findings indicated that S. marcescens can be used as an efficient biosorbent to remove yttrium from wastewater. In addition, its adsorption capacity can be further improved by the enhancement of adsorption functional groups on the surface through chemical modification. © 2022. The Author(s).


Chang-Li Liang, Ji-Li Shen. Removal of yttrium from rare-earth wastewater by Serratia marcescens: biosorption optimization and mechanisms studies. Scientific reports. 2022 Mar 22;12(1):4861

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PMID: 35318347

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