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    Allopurinol is known to cause severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions (SCAR) in Malaysia. However, the incidence of allopurinol-induced SCAR is unknown. Therefore, we aimed to determine the incidence of allopurinol-induced SCAR in Malaysia over 5 years from 2015 to 2019. This retrospective analysis was done in collaboration with the National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency (NPRA). All allopurinol-induced adverse drug reaction cases reported to NPRA from 2015 to 2019 were extracted. Allopurinol-induced SCAR cases were identified and the incidence over the 5 years was calculated. Incidence of allopurinol-induced SCAR averaged at 2.5 cases per 1000 new users over the 5-year period, with a reducing trend from 3.2 per 1000 new users in 2015 to 2.25 per 1000 in 2019; despite the increasing number of adverse drug reaction cases being reported over the years. Stevens-Johnson syndrome was the commonest form of allopurinol-induced SCAR reported, at 143 cases (46.8% of total SCAR reported). Among Malaysia's 3 main ethnicities, the Chinese had the highest percentages of allopurinol-induced SCAR when compared to the Bumiputera and Indians (3.18 × 10-4 %). The estimated incidence of allopurinol-induced SCAR in Malaysia from 2015 to 2019 was 2.5 cases per 1000 new users. This figure is consistent with the incidence reported in other Asian countries, namely Taiwan and Thailand. © 2022 British Pharmacological Society.


    Wei Leik Ng, Kheng Seang Lim, Vidhya Hariraj, Sing Chet Lee, Wee Kee Wo, Azuana Ramli, Pauline Siew Mei Lai, Si Lei Fong, Jing Ran Lim. Incidence of allopurinol-induced severe cutaneous adverse drug reaction in Malaysia. British journal of clinical pharmacology. 2022 Aug;88(8):3782-3788

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    PMID: 35318720

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