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    Saccharomyces cerevisiae is increasingly being used for the production of chemicals derived from acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA). However, the inadequate supply of cytosolic acetyl-CoA often leads to low yields. Here, we developed a novel strategy for balancing acetyl-CoA metabolism and increasing the amount of the downstream product. First, the combination of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (eutE) and acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase (AtoB) was optimized to redirect the acetyl-CoA flux toward the target pathway, with a 21-fold improvement in mevalonic acid production. Second, pathway engineering and evolutionary engineering were conducted to attenuate the growth deficiency, and a 10-fold improvement of the maximum productivity was achieved. Third, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC1) was dynamically downregulated as the complementary acetyl-CoA pathway, and the yield was improved more than twofold. Fourth, the most efficient and complementary acetyl-CoA pathways were combined, and the final strain produced 68 mg/g CDW lycopene, which was among the highest yields reported in S. cerevisiae. This study demonstrates a new method of producing lycopene products by regulating acetyl-CoA metabolism.


    Buli Su, Peixuan Lai, Fan Yang, Anzhang Li, Ming-Rong Deng, Honghui Zhu. Engineering a Balanced Acetyl Coenzyme A Metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for Lycopene Production through Rational and Evolutionary Engineering. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2022 Apr 06;70(13):4019-4029

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    PMID: 35319878

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