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Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) is mainly used for oil production and industrial purposes. A high photosynthetic efficiency is the premise of a high yield capable of meeting people's various demands. Chlorophyll-deficient mutants are ideal materials for studying chlorophyll biosynthesis and photosynthesis. In a previous study, we obtained the mutant yl1 for leaf yellowing throughout the growth period by ethyl methanesulfonate mutagenesis of B. napus. A genetic analysis showed that the yl1 chlorophyll-deficient phenotype was controlled by one incompletely dominant gene, which was mapped on chromosome A03 by a quantitative trait loci sequencing analysis and designated as BnA03.Chd in this study. We constructed an F2 population containing 5256 individuals to clone BnA03.Chd. Finally, BnA03.Chd was fine-mapped to a 304.7 kb interval of the B. napus 'ZS11' genome containing 58 annotated genes. Functional annotation, transcriptome, and sequence variation analyses confirmed that BnaA03g0054400ZS, a homolog of AT5G13630, was the most likely candidate gene. BnaA03g0054400ZS encodes the H subunit of Mg-chelatase. A sequence analysis revealed a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), causing an amino-acid substitution from glutamic acid to lysine (Glu1349Lys). In addition, the molecular marker BnaYL1 was developed based on the SNP of BnA03.Chd, which perfectly cosegregated with the chlorophyll-deficient phenotype in two different F2 populations. Our results provide insight into the molecular mechanism underlying chlorophyll synthesis in B. napus.


Chengke Pang, Wei Zhang, Menlu Peng, Xiaozhen Zhao, Rui Shi, Xu Wu, Feng Chen, Chengming Sun, Xiaodong Wang, Jiefu Zhang. Fine Mapping and Characterization of a Major Gene Responsible for Chlorophyll Biosynthesis in Brassica napus L. Biomolecules. 2022 Mar 04;12(3)

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PMID: 35327594

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