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The ability to detect active enzymes in a complex mixture of folded proteins (e.g., secretome, cell lysate) generally relies on observations of catalytic ability, necessitating the development of an activity assay that is compatible with the sample and selective for the enzyme(s) of interest. Deconvolution of the contributions of different enzymes to an observed catalytic ability further necessitates an often-challenging protein separation. The advent of broadly reactive activity-based probes (ABPs) for retaining glycoside hydrolases (GHs) has enabled an alternative, often complementary, assay for active GHs. Using activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) techniques, many retaining glycoside hydrolases can be separated, detected, and identified with high sensitivity and selectivity. This chapter outlines ABPP methods for the detection and identification of retaining glycoside hydrolases from microbial sources, including protein sample preparation from bacterial lysates and fungal secretomes, enzyme labeling and detection via fluorescence, and enzyme identification using affinity-based enrichment coupled to peptide sequencing following isobaric labeling. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Nicholas G S McGregor, Herman S Overkleeft, Gideon J Davies. Detecting and identifying glycoside hydrolases using cyclophellitol-derived activity-based probes. Methods in enzymology. 2022;664:103-134

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PMID: 35331370

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