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Few studies investigated the association of genetic difference in metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) gene with diabetic retinopathy but with mixed outcome. To investigate the association between a set of MMP-2 genetic variants and the risk of diabetic retinopathy in an Arab Tunisian population with type 2 diabetes. A retrospective case-control study comprising a total of 779 type 2 diabetes patients with or without diabetic retinopathy was conducted. Genotyping was prepared by TaqMan® SNP genotyping qRT-PCR. The variants used were rs243865 (C/T), rs243864 (T/G), rs243866 (G/T) and rs2285053 (C/T). The minor allele frequency (MAF) of the rs243864 MMP-2 variant was significantly higher among diabetic retinopathy patients. Setting homozygous wild type genotype carrier as reference, the rs243864T/G allele was associated with increased risk of diabetic retinopathy under the dominant, recessive, and additive models which persisted when key covariates were controlled for, while a reduced risk of diabetic retinopathy progression was seen after adjustment between non-proliferative and proliferative diabetic patients. Furthermore, the heterozygous genotype GT of the rs243866 variant is positively associated with the risk of proliferative diabetic retinopathy in the additive model. A limited linkage disequilibrium (LD) was revealed between the four-matrix metalloproteinase-2 variants. Four-loci haplotype analysis identified, GCTC, TTTC, and GCTT haplotypes to be positively associated with the risk of diabetic retinopathy. Our findings demonstrate that the MMP-2 variant rs243864 and 243866 are related to the susceptibility to diabetic retinopathy and the progression of the disease in an Arab Tunisian population with type 2 diabetes. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Sameh Sarray, Laila Ben Lamine, Mariam Dallel, Deeba Jairajpuri, Amira Turki, Nejla Sellami, Intissar Ezzidi, Mariam Abdelhadi, Roland Brock, Mohamed Ghorbel, Touhami Mahjoub. Association of MMP-2 genes variants with diabetic retinopathy in Tunisian population with type 2 diabetes. Journal of diabetes and its complications. 2022 May;36(5):108182

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PMID: 35339376

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