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The epidemiological studies in Iran on HPV18 nucleotide changes are rare. This type of virus is prevalent in the Iranian population. Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to identify the genetic variability in HPV18 in the E6 region to evaluate the prevalence of lineage distribution and sublineages in a sample population in Iran. Overall, 60 HPV18 confirmed cases were investigated between 2019 and 2021. The specimens were collected, and molecular genotyping was done using the Linear Array HPV Genotyping Test. DNA extraction was performed by a viral DNA/RNA kit. The HPV E6 gene was amplified by using type-specific primers designed according to the HPV18 genome prototype sequence. The sequencing of the E6 region was successfully done on 43 samples which were then compared to the reference sequence. The most frequent sublineage of HPV18 in this study was A4 (69.7%), followed by A1 (18.6%) and A3 (11.6%). Neither A2 nor A5 sublineage was not detected in this study. The related nucleotide acid changes according to the main references were as follows: A3: T104C/T232G/T485C/C549A, A4: T104C/T485C/C549A. The predominance of A lineage with the high frequency of A4 sublineage was found in the present research. The importance of sublineages in susceptibility to a progressive form of infection requires to be more investigated among the different population. Copyright © 2022 Mona Sadat Larijani et al.

Citation

Mona Sadat Larijani, Mir Davood Omrani, Rahim Soleimani, Anahita Bavand, Amir Houshang Nejadeh, Vahid Ezzatizadeh, Mahboubeh Jamshidi, Amitis Ramezani. Determination of Human Papillomavirus Type 18 Lineage of E6: A Population Study from Iran. BioMed research international. 2022;2022:2839708

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PMID: 35342765

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