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Purpose: Despite the effectiveness of androgen deprivation therapy in advanced prostate cancer, serious neuropsychiatric consequences in androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-treated patients, mainly depression, have been concerning and gained more attention recently. This narrative review aims to shed light on the risk and pharmacological management of ADT-induced depression in PCa patients.Methods: We searched PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar databases using MESH keywords "Prostate cancer OR prostate neoplasm" AND "Depression" AND "Androgen Deprivation Therapy" AND "antidepressants". Search was limited to English and studies conducted on humans. Studies' titles and abstracts were screened, and further information were obtained from the text, if necessary, to decide whether studies are to be included in this review.Results: Our review revealed 23 studies confirming the occurrence and worsening of depressive symptoms in ADT-treated patients, which frequently require pharmacological interventions; whereas 10 studies indicated otherwise. All studies were prospective, retrospective, cross-sectional or case reports. Based on the incidence of depression provided by the observational studies, the average among ADT-treated patients was 18.23% (range: 2.1-46.9%), while it was 8.42% (range: 1.4-23.3%) in the non-ADT patients. Although several treatments have been used for depression in cancer patients, current knowledge lacks observational and controlled studies as well as clinical guidelines that demonstrate efficacy and safety of antidepressants and guide clinicians to the appropriate treatment in these patients, respectively. On the other side, a few clinical studies have been published regarding the efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors and/or saftey on other ADT associated adverse effects.Conclusions: Our work supports the recent attention towards mood issues as an adverse effect of ADT, and that greater awareness of this is warranted among clinicians. Clinical studies published regarding the use of antidepressants for other ADT associated adverse effects established the foundation that can be adopted to examine these therapies on ADT-induced depression.


Abdulrahman Alwhaibi, Sary Alsanea, Bana Almadi, Jawza Al-Sabhan, Fahad D Alosaimi. Androgen deprivation therapy and depression in the prostate cancer patients: review of risk and pharmacological management. The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male. 2022 Dec;25(1):101-124

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PMID: 35343371

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