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To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of bosentan in the treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Chinese Journal Full-text Database, Weipu Database, Wanfang Data, China Biology Medicine disc, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for literature on bosentan in the treatment of PPHN published up to August 31, 2021. A total of 8 randomized controlled trials were included for Meta analysis. The results of the Meta analysis showed that compared with the control group, the bosentan treatment group had a significantly lower treatment failure rate (RR=0.23, P<0.001), a significantly greater reduction in pulmonary artery pressure [mean difference (MD)=-11.79, P<0.001)], significantly greater increases in oxygen partial pressure (MD=10.21, P=0.006) and blood oxygen saturation (MD=8.30, P<0.001), and a significantly shorter length of hospital stay (MD=-1.35, P<0.001). The descriptive analysis showed that the bosentan treatment group had a lower degree of tricuspid regurgitation than the control group after treatment. The main adverse reactions of bosentan treatment included abnormal liver function, anemia and edema. The results of subgroup analysis based on treatment regimen, research area, and drug dose were consistent with those before stratification. Bosentan is effective in the treatment of PPHN. However, when using bosentan, attention should be paid to adverse reactions such as abnormal liver function.


Ling-Xue Li, Bing Wei, Ming Yang, Mo Li, Jing-Jing Jia. Efficacy and safety of bosentan in the treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn: a Metaanalysis. Zhongguo dang dai er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of contemporary pediatrics. 2022 Mar 15;24(3):319-325

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PMID: 35351265

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